Olivia Fifi Gieskes

An Ethnography of aid practices by Chinese medical teams in Rwanda

This research explores Chinese humanitarian interveners in Central Africa and related impacts on human security. The upsurge of Chinese humanitarianism in Africa is challenged by rampant academic and public discussions on the obscurity of Chinese aid policies, and China's approaches to human rights in comparison to "traditional" Western humanitarian actors. Most interrogations however tend to overlook more practical questions on how Chinese humanitarian interventions are implemented, and how Chinese humanitarian practices affect the broader notion of human security. More so, there is particularly scant knowledge of how humanitarian organisations, state actors and aid recipients resist, negotiate or acquiesce to Chinese “non-traditional” humanitarian interventions. This research ethnographically explores how discourses on security, humanitarianism, socio-cultural practices are used to legitimate Chinese interventions in relation to human security. The research hereby aims to provide more knowledge on conditions under which Chinese interventions undermine or strengthen human security in local African contexts.